Bicolored flowers, red with yellow tips, rich flowering with plants growing 6 inches tall and 15 inches wide. The flowers are three inches wide and plants bloom from late spring into fall. Can be used as an annual bedding plant plants in groups of three or five plants spaced out 9 inches a part or used as a mass planting mixed with Hemerocallis 'Happy Returns' or 'Ruby Stella' or 'Stella D' Oro' or in pots.
Slender Gaillardia or Hopi Blanketflower or Red Dome Blanketflower Asteraceae:
Perennials with bright yellow flowers around flat, brown-red center cones. The foliage is narrow and deeply cut. Does well in dry soils under hot conditions, not as a prolific bloomer as the others listed but does bloom in late spring and often into fall. Showy displays of flowers end 1 to 1.5 foot tall stems. Self seeds readily on open, sandy soils. Makes a nice addition along a gravely roadside. Where not winter hardy plants can be grown as annuals.
Zones (4) 5-9
Blanket Flower or Indian Blanket or Firewheel (gay-LAR-dee-uh:pul-KEL-uh) Asteraceae:
This is the wild species from the Rocky Mountains, a useful wild flower for gardens, boulevard plantings and any other sunny dry location. Gaillardia pulchella has brilliant colored, daisy-like flowers. Short-lived perennials but self sowing on open ground, likes any sunny location with good soil drainage and on the dry side, best blooming in low nitrogen soils. For most, this is a reseeding annual that adds a lot of bright color to the landscape in late summer and fall. Plants grow 6 to 16 inches tall and make good cut flowers for a vase. Gaillardia pulchella is a salt tolerant species but is not tolerant of wet conditions.
Zones 3-10 as an annual, 8-10 as a short-lived perennial.
Native from Virginia to Florida and westward to Colorado and New Mexico and extending south into Mexico. Germination in less than two weeks at 73F. Surface sow the seeds, light needed for best results. As the seeds germinate in a week or so, add a very thin layer of soil medium to give the seedlings better contact with the soil for root growth.
This annual has large rounded flower heads filled with flowers with quilled petals. Shades or red and gold on stems that grow up to 2 feet tall. Very nice cut flowers, grow in full sun in soils that are the dry side.
Gaillardia pulchella 'Sundance Bicolor' produces 12 inch (12 in = 30.5 cm) tall plants with many large double, ball shaped blooms in a bicolor mix of red and yellow. A prolific bloomer with rounded full habit for pots, tubs, beds and borders. Flowers June to October.
These seeds produce nicely uniform plants with large three inch wide, reddish orange colored flowers that have golden-yellow ends. Plants bloom heavily the first year. Plants grow about 8inches tall and 10 inches wide and should be divided every third year. A Fleuroselect Gold Medal winner.
Wine red colored flowers produced on top of 3 foot tall stems, flowers are 3 inches wide. Use these plants in full sun in soils that are low in nitrogen, rich soils produce lots of foliage and less upright growth and fewer flowers, in rich soils the plants will need staking. Full sun, plants are drought tolerant once established. Divide up clumps or start new plants every three years. Nice fresh cutting material and plants will bloom the first year with an early sowing.
Gaillardia 'Mesa Bright Bicolor' is a first year-flowering perennial with early-flowering and well-branched plants. The bright yellow flowers have a red band that varies in width depending on environmental conditions (the picture shows the plants with the least amount of red). Plants are uniform and are early-blooming, they are also well-branched and fill a gallon container quickly while maintaining a controlled height without “flopping” over. Plants grow about 16 inches tall.
Surface sow the seeds and gently tamp firmly into soil medium,light needed for best germination,starts in 10 days at F70 and is spread-out over a few weeks.
F1 Gaillardia from seed produces uniform plants which make then ideal for pots and as an edging in beds. Gaillardia x grandiflora 'Mesa Peach' is an attractive peach colored selection with darker peach centers, plants grow a bit shorter than the other colors in the 'Mesa' series and bloom a little sooner. Blooms the first year, nice upright stems with showy flowers on 10 to 12 inch tall stems. Very attractive used as a mass planting with each plant spaced out about 12 to 18 inches apart.
Lady's Bedstraw or Yellow Bedstraw
Golden yellow flowers produced from June until September, grows 1 tom 2.5 feet tall.
Somewhat attrative plant for a sunny location used as a naturalized area, cottage gardens or slopes. May be a bit too weedy for borders. Attractive to small pollinators.
This selection of Gaura is more winter hardy and has a more upright and sturdy habit than other selections. The plants grow 50 inches (1.27 m) tall by the third year, and grow 24 to 30 inches (76.2 cm) tall the first year. Blooms the first year with an early sowing. The flowers are pure white with pink stamen filaments, before the flowers open they are enclosed in pink tinted buds. This selection produces plants that are heavy bloomers and the flowers are produced continuously throughout the summer. Gaura lindheimeri 'Summer Breeze' is a drought and heat tolerant perennial with a shrub-like look. The seeds are large and easy to handle and can be sown one at a time in deep pots, or in place of growth in the garden. Place in an area that has well drained, sandy soil in full sun to partial shade. Best effect when planted in groups of three or five plants, with each spaced about 1.5 feet apart. In the fall the plants can be cut down to just above the soil surface, some self seeding occurs but generally not a problem.
The seeds of Gaura lindheimeri begin to germinate in 5 to 10 days, with some germination spread-out over many weeks. Thinly cover seeds with soil medium and use 65 to 75F (23.9C).
Large flowering Gaura Onagraceae:
Gaura longiflora can be an annual or a short lived perennial, it grows 3 to 6 feet tall. The herbage is hairy. The stems are more or less upright and much branched near the tops. The attractive and showy flowers are produced in long, slender spikes. The flowers are sessile, about 1 inch long; they have 4 sepals that are reddish in color. The 4 petals are up to 3/5 inch long, white in color and fading too pinkish as they mature. The long, clawed stamens add a fascinating feature to the flowering display, they protrude well past the petals. The plant habit and flowering nature make this plant best suited for a wild area or butterfly garden. The flowers are interesting but are not produced in sufficient amounts at any one time to put on a very showy display.
Gaura longiflora naturally grows in dry, rocky prairies, or on open disturbed areas, along roadsides, and on other open disturbed soils.
Dark golden daisy flowers above dark green-cut leaves. Perennial with leaves crowded into a basal tuft, they are stemless or nearly so. Variable with lanceolate shaped and entire leaves to pinnately cut. Remove expired flowers regularly to encourage more flower development. Site the plants in an area with excellent winter drainage to prevent rotting, used to best advantage in a well-drained rock garden, gravel scree or alpine trough. Drought tolerant once established. Can be grown as a pot plant. Handsome.
Germination starts in about two weeks at 60-68F, and is spread out over a few weeks. Cover seeds1/5inch deep- darkness helps with germination.
Great Yellow Gentian or Yellow Gentian or Bitter Root or Bitterwort or Centiyane or Genciana
Gentiana lutea grows to 3 to 5 feet tall, with broad lanceolate to elliptic leaves 10ï¿½30 cm long and 4ï¿½12 cm broad. The flowers are yellow and arranged into whorls around the upright stems.
Native to the mountains of central and southern Europe, where it grows in grassy alpine and sub-alpine pastures, usually on calcareous soils.
Gentiana straminea is a perennial growing 10-35 cm tall with white to straw colored, upright facing flowers. The flowers are produced in showy clusters at the ends of the somewhat lax stems in late summer. The delicately marked flowers top arching stems that have fleshy, broadly lanceolate leaves. The basal leaves are linear-lancelate shaped and up to 22 cm long, the leaves on the stems are a few and oppositely arranged. An easily cultivated gentian species that does best in a rich, well-drained soil in full sun to light shade. Gentiana straminea is a nice addition to a rock garden or mixed with other short perennials in a border. Not as showy as some other gentian species but charming in its own way.
Native to China and Nepal, where it is found growing along streams, in valleys, on rocky slopes, in alpine meadows, scrub, forests, and clearings in forests.
(jen-shee-AN-uh: ti-BET-ee-ka) Gentianaceae:
Greenish-yellow to creamy-white colored flowers on plants that grow 2 feet tall. One of the easer larger hardy gentians to grow and long lived. The flowers are produced in terminal clusters and are trumpet-shaped and cream colored. Blooming may start in mid summer, early autumn. The attractive thick fleshy stems produce tough leathery leaves along their lengths.
Native to Tibet, Bhutan, Sikkim and Nepal.
A wide ranging mix and a good way to start a collection of plants with showy flowers and a number with attractive foliage too. Includes many rarely offered selections. Most Geranium species produce few seeds and they are a challenge to collect, so they are rarely sold as seed, though there are many species that are attractive garden plants and should be offered - so they end up in this mix. We have increased the number of seeds per packet so that a good range of species and hybrids can be obtained. Some are not hardy in zones 4, and a few are not hardy in zone 5. Most seeds are large and easy to germinate and the plants are easy to take care.
Thinly cover seeds and use 70-75F days and 50-55F nights, Seal in a plastic bag to keep humidity up, Germination in 5-60 days. Might be helpful to soak the seeds in warm water for 24 hours first. Grow seedling out on the cool side, 60F is good.
An unusual geranium with nodding flowers and backward petals like a cyclamen. grows 1 to 2 feet tall and blooms in early summer. The flower are a soft lilac with darker purple veining. An attractive plant for the woodland plant. Grows well in most soils with some humus, place in part sun to open shade.
Native to Southern Albania, Yugoslavia, Greece.
Small violet-blue flowers veined deeper blue are cup shaped and produced in mid spring. Short lived perennial to biennial but self seeds. Native from Scandinavia to eastern and central Europe, Balkans. Flowering with in one year. Sow at 55ºF, if no germination after 4 weeks, Move to 24-38F for 6 weeks, then back to 55F. High temps will prevent germination.
A short lived perennial that self seeds easily enough to establish a nice presence in the garden under the right conditions. Plants grow from 12 to 128 inches tall when in flower and have blue flowers with some purple-violet veining. Use in a sunny location that is well drained but moisture retentive. Plants bloom from mid spring to mid summer and will flower the first year from an early sowing - grow out cool for best results - so a mid winter sowing works very well.
Sow at 55ºF, if no germination after 4 weeks, Move to 24-38F for 6 weeks, then back to 55F. High temps will prevent germination.
Marsh Cranesbill (jer-AY-nee-um: pal-US-tree) Geraniaceae:
A long-flowering species with purple flowers that have darker veins. It is an attractive species for gardens and suitable for a rockery/scree or the front of a border.
Meadow Cranesbill [Geranium pratense 'Mrs Kendall Clarke'] (jer-AY-nee-um: pray-TEN-see) Geraniaceae:
The Royal Horticultural Society have Geranium pratense 'Mrs. Kendall Clark' their prestigious Award of Garden Merit (AGM). Plants have soft blue colored flowers that are stripped with soft pinkish blue veins. A nice form of Geranium pretense with sky-blue colored, cup-shaped flowers with attractive veining. A little shorter growing than the normal forms of the species and later to bloom. It is less likely to need staking and will re-bloom if deadheaded or cut back heavily. Plants grow 2 to 3 feet tall and flower from late spring to late summer, after blooming trim back to tidy up clumps. Grow in sun to part shade in moisture retentive but well drained soils. A worthwhile novelty Geranium for growing in the perennial border or for the open woodland garden. Plants sometimes self seed but not aggressively; seedlings mostly come true to type unless grown near other forms of the species. The seedlings need 2 years of growth before they large enough to flower well from seed, some blooming the second year. Long lived once established. Seeds are good sized and plants can be planted out after a month or two of growth. Grow in full sun or part shade in moist but well draining soils. Grows in heavy clay or chalky soils. Once established will survive drought conditions or periods of wetness.
Bloody Cranes Bill
10 to 24 inch wide clumps with nicely attractive foliage that is topped off with 1.5 inch round cup like flowers of bright rosy-purple coloration. This species forms slowly spreading clumps that develop into very attractive carpets of six to ten inch tall foliage with showy flowers interspersed just above the foliage. Long blooming from mid spring to mid summer. Great used as an edging or used intermixed with large rocks. Sow in moist medium and put in the fridge for four weeks. Germination in 3-100 days at F 65. I sow mine in a bag as above but leave the seed in my cold fridge (33-35F) until the seed starts to germinate: about two months, once seedlings have a root, I move them to a pot and keep them at F 55 for a few weeks until I have leaves. Plants will bloom in three months from germination and should be grown in full sun in well draining but moisture retentive soils, in a shady location the foliage can develop black spots and fall off the plant, but I must say that these seed raised plants look a lot better than the named cultivated clones on the market. Plants have stayed attractive all season long, looking good even in the fall with large attractive green leaves that often turn a bright reddish color.
Geum chiloense 'Lady Stratheden' is long blooming perennial grows about 2 feet tall amd begins flowering in late spring and blooms until late summer. The bright yellow flowers are semi-double and held upright on branched stems. Evergreen in milder climates. Grow in average soil in full sun. Best to divide up plants every two years otherwise plants decline after the third year.
(GAY-um: ki-lo-EN-se) Rosaceae:
From England comes this seed that produces vigorous growing 20 to 26 inch tall plants with many double, bright vivid-red flowers. Plants will bloom all summer in moisture retentive soils that are well draining. Plants bloom the first year.
Surface sow, Light needed for best germination, use F 70. Germination in 3-4 weeks. First Year Flowering, start early for many weeks of bloom. Geum chiloense is native to Chile.
[Limonium tataricum] German Statice Plumbaginaceae:
The 12 to 18 inch tall flowering stems are attractive both when used as fresh cut material and dried. the flowers look white from a distance but have a pink tint to them when seen closer. Grows from a flat cluster of foliage.
Loose open mats of semi-evergreen foliage. The leaves are small and the flowers are open panicles of trumpet-shaped white flowers with reddish-purple colored veins. When blooming the plants have white colored, clouds of flowers just above the foliage. As the flowers age they develop a pinkish cast to them. Plants grow 2 inches tall and make a nice ground cover in the rock garden or as filler in amongst large stones or paving stones. The clumps grow 6 or 7 inches wide and bloom from late spring to mid summer.
Gypsophila cerastioides is native to the Himalayan Mountains. Lightly cover seeds with soil medium and use F. 55-65, with germination spread out over a number of weeks.
Gypsophila cerastioides 'Pixie Splash' grows 4 inches tall and 6 inches wide, the plants have white flowers that are flashed with pink. Drought tolerant with an attractive mounding habit.
This selection blooms for months with many small white flowers. The plants can grow in varied soil conditions. The plants are well branched and have a dense habit. Good subjects for mixed containers, as fillers in large pots and troughs, or as an overhanging plant. Also attractive in rock gardens and landscape borders.
Thinly cover seeds with soil medium and use 55 to 67F (67F = 19.4C) with germination Starting in two weeks and spread-out over a few weeks.
(jip-SOF-il-uh: ELL-eh-ganz) Caryophyllaceae:
This annual Babies Breath has red flowers, and makes a very nice subject for cutting. Gypsophila elegans is an annual baby's breath grows 1-3 feet tall. The plants should be spaced 15 to 20 inches apart, to produce the best flower displays, which are mounds of fluffy clouds. Plants bloom from late spring into the fall. Best planted in full sun is soils that have good drainage are slightly alkaline. In hot climates, give some shade in the afternoon. Cutting promotes reblooming. Flowers are used in both fresh and dried arrangements. Those that use the plants for cutting material often use successive sowing ever 2-3 weeks to produce a steady supply of cutting material until fall.