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Scrophularia L., 1753 - Figworts

A Genus with about 200 species of the family Scrophulariaceae, mostly subshrubs and herbaceous perennials. About 12 are native to North America and the rest Eurasian. The name is derived from the Latin word scrofula, and given this name because it was thought they were useful in curing Scrofula which is the term used for tuberculosis of the neck.
Most are upright growing with square stems and oppositely paired leaves. The flowers are small, brownish or greenish colored and 2-lipped in panicle-like cymes which terminate the stems.

Under cultivation most plants are large and unshowy, best suited for wildflower gardens.

The showiest species in the trade right now is S. auriculata FORM 'Variegata' with boldly market leaves of white and lime green. The leaves are thick and textured with wrinkles and pronounced veins. Grows 3 feet tall and about the same in width. Itís grown in and around water.