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Tulipa - Tulips

Tulips come from a genus of about 100 species in the Lily family - Liliaceae. They are native from southern Europe, north Africa, and Asia from Anatolia and Iran, east to northeast China and Japan. The center of diversity for the genus is from the Pamir and Hindu Kush mountains and the steppes of Kazakhstan.
Plants are perennial bulbs with few leaves and large spring blooming flowers. They grow from 4 to 30 inches tall. The foliage is strap-shaped to broad, smooth textured, waxy, usually glaucous green leaves. The large showy flowers have six tepals (petals and sepals look the same) and tend to form cups that as the flower ages open up. The fruit is a dry capsule containing numerous flat disc-shaped seeds.
Grow in well draining soils in full sun and leave the foliage on the plants until it yellows, plants grow a new bulb each year and the foliage is needed to regrow the bulb for next year. From Seed plants take 4 to 7 years to bloom. Many nice rock garden species with small flowers and attractive foliage are available from seed. Seed is a good way to generate a collection of clean plants. The large hybrids tend to be short lived were spring is short and summer heat come early in the year.