Larkspur Violet or Purple Prairie Violet or Prairie Violet or Crow-feet Violet Violaceae:
This clump-forming plant grows 5 to 8inches tall and about 6 inches wide. Plants have deep violet-blue colored flowers which are born on leafless stalks from the center of the clumps. Blooms from early spring into early-mid summer. Leaves are divided into bird-foot-like segments with very narrow leaflets. The Divided leaves look like wild delphinium foliage - thus the common name of 'Larkspur Violet'. This species is similar in appearance to the 'Bird Foot Violet'(Viola pedata) but with smaller flowers that are more pea-like in shape while the Bird-Foot Violet has more open shaped flowers. Both species like open, lose ground that drains quickly in sun to part shade.
Native from Saskatchewan to Ohio south to Oklahoma and Arkansas. Cover seeds, darkness needed for germination which Starts in 2 or 3 weeks at F 65. Germination can be spread out over many weeks. If no germination in 5 weeks put in the fridge (32-39F) for 7 to 12 weeks then move to 65F, like many Violas seed germination often occurs as the soil temps are rising just above freezing in the spring. Sows seeds in the fall in a wide pot or tray and keep in a sheltered location ( I cover the trays with oak leaves) and cover with a thin layer of winter mulch and leave out side over winter. Remove winter covering in early spring.